national history archeology museum complex is one of the biggest museums in
Kyrgyzstan. Historical and cultural memorials are kept in museum as Kyrgyz
Museum was renamed several times in its developing history.
Osh regional museum of Local Lore.
In 1978-1982 Osh
regional museum of Culture and History.
In 1982-2004 Osh
united Historical Cultural Museum Reserve.
Since April, 1
0. 2004 “Sulaiman-Too” National History Archeology Museum complex.
There are more than 33 thousand exhibits in museum fund. They are 6694
archeological, 3702 ethnographical, 19852 documents and photos, 1196 fine
applied art things, paintings, sculptures, drawings and others.
special typo of museum building was opened in 2000 year to 3000 year anniversary
of Osh city. Its exhibition consists of 2 parts with total area 1100m2.
Museum’s considered regional that’s why its expositions devoted to nature and
history of the Southern Kyrgyzstan.
Nature of the Southern Kyrgyzstan is showed by fauna, flora, beautiful places,
peculiarity of geographical location, relief and climate.
History part exposition begins from the longest stone epoch till the history of
the South Kyrgyzstan today.
Ancient times and today are showed through the finds characterizing Chust
archeological culture, Osh settlement, nomadic agriculture, cattle-breeding,
craftsmen tribes and by the materials on rising culture of Fergana Valley
population and agriculture.
history of ethnic native Kyrgyz began from the 201year B.C, when athenaeum
Kyrgyz first time appeared in Chinese chronicles.
and writing in Orhon-Enesai and Saimaly-Tash give information about that ancient
Kyrgyz had their own writing, culture, science, and were the leading tribes
among other Turk tribes.
The great Silk
Way went through ancient Osh.
Arabic and Persian chronicles ancient Osh was described as one of the mostly
developed cities surrounded by well –fortified walls. It was the third by size
in Fergana valley with handicraft and trade centre.
Uzgen was the capital of the west part of Karakhanid Kaganat in the XI century.
With the rise of political role of Uzgen, its economy and culture highly
the centre of exposition there is a model of Sulaiman-too and zodiac signs. They
show philosophy thinking, world perception, and astrological conception of
Besides there are materials concerning a statesman, general, great poet and
The Kyrgyz people during
much age history took part in lots of battles for their freedom. Sometimes they
lost, sometimes they won and continued their history. In 1994 scientists at
conference marked that the last stage of Kyrgyz ethnos in Central Tian-Shan was
in the XV-XVI centuries. “Consolidation” , Islamic religion, epos “Manas” played
a great role in Kyrgyz ethnic gathering.
At the and of the XIX
century and beginning of the XX th century every day life of Kyrgyz people made
them use nature resources and lead nomadic life.
materials, applied art, jewelries, works of wood masters, embroidering, hand
–made carpets, needlework, beautiful national clothes raise great interest among
The roots of Kyrgyz
national music go back to ancient times. Musical art was performed with
different musical instruments.
From the end of the
XVIII th century the Southern Kyrgyz, Uzbek and other Fergana Valley inhabitants
were in a body of Kokond State.
From the first half of
the XIX th century Kokon state was one of the biggest states in Central Asia by
territory and population. Epoch-making personalities as Alymkul Atalyk,
Abdurahman Aptabachy, Alymbek Datka and Kurmanjan Datka worked for the welfare
of poor common people and native land.
There are documents,
photos, collections, manufactured products describing the history of the
Southern Kyrgyzstan from Soviet period till our days. And there are also gifts
of foreign states given at Osh 3000 year celebration.